Friday, April 5, 2013

Lyrical Writing, Notes on E Annie Proulx's The Shipping News

by Bill Johnson

Annie Proulx's The Shipping News is a great example of lyrical writing.   While her writing might seem to violate conventional writing, her style always aims at getting to a deeper truth.

Many years ago I attended a reading of published romance authors and unpublished authors. The published authors use lyrical writing judiciously.  The unpublished authors seemed to have bought adjectives on sale in 50 gallon barrels. Every pair of lips were some degree of throbbing, turgid, and swollen. It communicated nothing, unlike the published authors and Proulx.

In The Shipping News, the lyrical writing in the opening has the purpose of conveying the deeper truth of Quoyle. It is entirely organic, yet also part of a clearly defined structure.

Hitching that lyrical writing to a purposeful structure is part of what makes Proulx’s writing so dynamic and potent and insightful.

First line.

     HERE is an account of a few years in the life of Quoyle, born in Brooklyn
     and raised in a shuffle of dreary upstate towns.

This sentence offers commentary about Quoyle and the quality of his life
growing up. The language conveys much more than several pages of small towns. The
sentences gets to the heart of a truth about Quoyle.

Next paragraph.

     Hive-spangled, gut roaring with gas and cramp, he survived childhood; at
     the state university, hand clapped over his chin, he camouflaged torment with
     smiles and silence.

Another sentence and two more truths about Quoyle and his childhood and
college years.

Struggling writers usually invert this process, trying to get bland,
pedestrian details to convey something important.

     Stumbled through his twenties and into his thirties learning to separate
     his feelings from his life, counting on nothing.

This describes a character who's life is contracting, becoming less
important to him by the year.

     He ate prodigiously, liked a ham knuckle, buttered spuds.

Fat and lard, two of the most popular medications in America. As his life
contracts, Quoyle expands.

Next paragraph.

     His jobs: distributor of vending machine candy, all-night clerk in a
     convenience store, a third-rate newspaperman.

A life of no ambition and no feeling, until he becomes a third-rate
newspaperman. That sounds dramatically interesting.

Next sentence.

     At thirty-six, bereft, brimming with grief and thwarted love, Quoyle
     steered away to Newfoundland, the rock that had generated his ancestors, a place he
     had never been nor thought to go.

Grief and thwarted love apparently send Quoyle off to the place of his
ancestors to stew in his more recent failures. I'm assuming Proulx will get to what
set off this grief and thwarted love. We've quickly moved through an over of
Quoyle's life to its beginning in this novel.

Next sentence.

     A watery place. And Quoyle feared water, could not swim. Again and again
     his father had broken his clenched grip and thrown him into pools, brooks,
     lakes, and surf. Quoyle knew the flavor of brack and waterweed.

Sending Quoyle to Newfoundland and water  creates a vehicle to offer a
reason why he fears water. This is organic writing.


     From the youngest son's failure to dog-paddle the father saw other failures
     multiply like an explosion of virulent cells--failure to speak clearly;
     failure to sit up straight; failure to get up in the morning; failing in attitude;
     failure in ambition and ability; indeed, in everything. His own failure.

This language conveys why Quoyle separated his mind from his feelings and
why he withdrew into himself. The world via his father started pounding him inward
at a young age.


     Quoyle shambled, a head taller than any child around him, was soft. He knew

"Ah, you lout," said the father. But no pygmy himself. And brother Dick,
the father's favorite, pretended to throw up when Quoyle came into a room,
hissed "Lardass, Snotface, Ugly Pig, Warthog, Stupid, Stinkbomb, Fart-tub,
Greasebag," pummeled and kicked until Quoyle curled, hands over his head,  
sniveling, on the linoleum. All stemmed from Quoyle's chief failure, a failure of 
normal appearance.

In a short time, Proulx communicates the truth of Quoyle’s life.

            A great damp loaf of a body. At six he weighed eighty pounds. At
            Sixteen he was buried under a casement of flesh. Head shaped
            Like a Crenshaw, no neck, reddish hair ruched back. Features as
            Kissed fingertips. Eyes the color of plastic. The monstrous chin, a
            Freakish shelf jutting from the lower face.

Then, after Quoyle drops out of college…

            Nothing was clear to lonesome Quoyle. His thoughts churned
            Like the armophous thing that ancient sailoers, drifting into arctic
            half-light, call the Sea Lung; a heaving sludge of ice under fog
            where air burred into water, where liquid was solid, where solids
            dissolved, where the sky froze and llight and dark muddled.

Here Proulx moves from an outer description of Quoyle, to language that conveys the truth of his inner life.

Qyoyle is a man who has been damned since birth, who, during the course of this novel, travels to the edge of the world to find a place he might belong. This will not be an easy journey, but it will be one deeply felt by the novel’s readers.

This kind of lyrical language works when it takes a story’s reader deep into the heart of a story and it’s characters, and Proulx does that here.


Bill Johnson is the author of A Story is a Promise & The Spirit of Storytelling, available on AmazonKindle for $2.99 and on Smashwords.  He teaches workshops on writing around the US. He is currently the office manager for Willamette Writers, a group in the Pacrific Northwest with 1,700 members.